Category Archives: dog breeds

10 Dog and Cat Breeds With Mythical Legends

By Linda Cole

For centuries, people have associated certain breeds of cats and dogs with mythical legends, and some are still believed today.

Shih Tzu – One of the 14 oldest dog breeds, “the Lion Dog” is the smallest of the Tibetan holy dogs. In Buddhist mythology, Buddha rode to earth on a lion and carried a Shih Tzu. The dog was bred to resemble a lion, and was given high honor as the dog loved by Buddha. It was believed Shih Tzu dogs were incarnations of mischievous household gods. It was also thought they carried the souls of lamas searching for nirvana.

Norwegian Forest Cat – This large feline originated in Norway, and sailed with the Vikings to control rodents. The cat evolved by natural selection some 4,000 years ago, and has a role in Norse mythology. Viking gods are divided into two groups, Aesir and Vanir. Aesir gods were connected to war and victory, and Vanir gods were wise with magical skills. One of the Vanir gods, Freya, was the goddess of beauty and love. During battle against the Aesir, Freya’s chariot was pulled by two large Norwegian Forest Cats.

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The Courageous and Loyal Akita

By Linda Cole

In the Akita’s native country of Japan, the breed is considered a courageous and loyal national treasure. In fact, he is so loved there that an Akita statue is given to the parents of newborn babies to signify health, happiness and long life, and to the sick for a speedy recovery. The Akita is the largest of six national dog breeds of Japan. To preserve the breeds, all six were designated precious natural resources of Japan under the Cultural Properties Act of 1936, which gave the breeds official recognition and protection.

The Akita origins are in the Odate region of the Akita Prefecture, located in the northern rugged mountains on the main island of Honshu. At one time the Akita was called the Odate Dog, but the breed name was changed when the dogs were given protected status. This is an old breed descended from spitz-like dogs with a history that goes back to at least the 1600s, and possibly even farther.

A favorite of the Imperial family and ruling class, the Akita became the “royal dog” of the ruling elites, and they were the only ones who could own this powerful breed. Special leashes for each dog symbolized his rank and the importance of his owner. Elaborate ceremonies were performed for the care and feeding of the Akita. Centuries old sketches depict the breed standing with their royal owners, dressed in lavish ceremonial robes.

Bred as a hunter of big game like wild boar, elk and the huge Yezo bear, the dogs hunted in pairs, usually a male and female. The female nipped at an animal from behind while the male attacked from the front to bait their prey and hold the animal until hunters arrived. The Akita was also used as a guard dog, protecting family members and property. The bravery and size of this dog makes him a force to be reckoned with, and he continues to perform hunting and guard dog duties in his native lands. The dog can also be trained to retrieve waterfowl, and is an able and agile tracker with cat-like movements.

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Alaskan Malamute, Siberian and Alaskan Husky Differences

By Linda Cole

To the untrained eye, it’s not always easy to tell the difference between some dog breeds. The Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky and Alaskan Husky may resemble each other, but there are differences between them.

The Alaskan Malamute is the state of Alaska’s official mascot, and one of the oldest of the northern sled dogs. Named after the Inuit tribe Mahlemuts, the nomadic people of Alaska used this powerful breed for centuries to hunt seals and pull heavy sleds to move supplies and people throughout the Arctic region. Today the breed looks much like it did 4,000 years ago. The Malamute is taller and heavier than the Siberian Husky. The dog stands 23 to 25” at the shoulder and weighs 75 to 85 pounds, though it’s not unusual for a muscular male to hit 100 pounds.

The Malamute has brown eyes and a broad head with the ears set wide apart. His bushy tail is carried over his back. Because the Malamute is heavier than a Husky, he is less likely to jump a fence, and will use his powerful paws to dig out instead. This breed should not be let off his leash; he has a high prey drive and loves to run. He can be gender aggressive with same sex dogs, but is affectionate with his human family. This is an intelligent, confident and stubborn breed.

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The Versatile and Adaptable German Shepherd

By Linda Cole

During WWI, Lee Duncan was a U.S. army corporal stationed in France. On September 15, 1918, he was on patrol when he spotted a dog kennel heavily damaged from a recent bombing raid. Convincing his battalion to change course so they could check out the kennel, Duncan was surprised to discover five newborn puppies and their mom still alive. The pups and mother were rescued and taken back to camp, but only one puppy survived. We know him as Rin Tin Tin, a movie legend who showed the versatile, adaptable and loyal character of the German Shepherd dog.

The German Shepherd is a fairly new breed that was developed mostly during the 1900s. The breed originated in Germany as a top notch herding dog. German breeder Captain Max von Stephanitz wanted a herding dog that was capable and intelligent, with a good work ethic. In 1899, he mixed early versions of shepherd dogs to come up with the Deutsche Schaferhunde, the German Shepherd dog. Standard for the breed was written in 1901. The first dog in the United States was imported in 1907 and shown in the open class at Newcastle and Philadelphia dog shows.

The dog that von Stephanitz developed turned out to be not only smart and adaptable, but had many talents that were discovered during WWI. The Germans put the GSD to work as a war dog. Allied forces took notice of these versatile dogs used by the Germans, and were equally impressed with the breed. German Shepherds were used as Red Cross dogs, supply carriers, guard dogs, tracking dogs, sentinels and messengers.
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Dogs and Cats Recognized as Official State Mascots

By Linda Cole

Every state has a flag, seal, motto, emblem, song, animal, flower, tree and bird, unique to each one. No matter where you live, our symbols reflect who we are as a country, and the diversity that make up the stars in Old Glory.

Dog State Mascots

Alaska – When you think of sledding dogs, the first breed that comes to mind is the hard-working Siberian Husky. But it’s the Alaskan Malamute that was chosen as the state’s official dog in 2010. The Siberian Husky was a close second, but the Malamute has been part of Alaskan history for 5,000 years plus, and contributed more than any other breed to the development of the state.

Louisiana – The most aggressive and largest of the cattle dogs, the Catahoula Leopard Dog was picked in 1979 as their state dog. The Catahoula is all-American breed capable of finding livestock in any kind of terrain, no matter where they are. The breed was developed by settlers and Native American Indians.

Maryland – The Chesapeake Bay Retriever was recognized in 1964. When an English ship wrecked off the coast of Maryland in 1807, the crew and two Newfoundland pups were rescued by an American ship. The puppies were given to duck hunters as a thank you gift from the British crew. They were bred with local hunting dogs to create the beginnings of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever.

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Which Dog Breeds Live The Longest?

By Langley Cornwell

Owning a dog is one of the most rewarding experiences in life, and picking the right one is important. There are countless things to consider when finding a breed – such as size, temperament, intelligence and space available. It’s also a good idea to take your lifestyle and the dog breed’s activity requirements into consideration. All of these things are important, but one important factor often gets overlooked: how long will the dog live?

Dogs are pretty resilient. If you adopt a young dog, your pet will likely be a part of your life for many years. Still, the sad fact is that a dog will generally not live as long as we do. With that said, you might be interested in knowing that different breeds have different life expectancies.

What makes a particular breed live longer?

According to webMD, dogs that generally live longer are small dogs, and the smaller they are when fully grown, the longer they tend to live. The converse holds true as well; the bigger the breed, the shorter the lifespan. Giant breeds are the shortest lived. It appears that weight is the key factor and not height, however. Bigger, heavier dog breeds tend to die at about the eight year mark. Smaller dogs can live in excess of fifteen years.

Bear in mind that particular breeds sometimes have breed-specific health issues. For example, Cocker Spaniels often have eye and ear infections, while Labrador Retrievers are known for having a high cancer incidence. In fact, my Lab did have a cancerous lump when she was young but they removed it with plenty of healthy margin and it never came back.

There are countless other instances of breed-specific health problems but still, the number one thing to look out for is weight. Larger dogs, ones weighing over a hundred pounds, will be considered quite elderly at about seven or eight years.

Female dogs typically tend to live longer than male dogs, but the difference is negligible. Mixed breeds are usually longer living than pure bred dogs, so be sure to keep that in mind when choosing what kind of dog to get.

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